字头信息

造字法:指事(“卯”是“铆”的本字)

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字形演变

字源解说

”是“”的本字。,甲骨文是指事字,两竖指事符号代表两扇门板,像钉在左右两扇门板上的双头钉:古人用粗大的木栓,穿过两扇门板上两个双头钉的“”形孔,即可将门关牢。金文承续甲骨文字形。有的金文省去表示两扇门板的指事符号,将字形简化成两个可以横穿的圈洞。籀文反写字形,突出铆丁的“双头”特点。篆文写成正反两个“户”,突出框形“”双头铆钉的“关门”用途。造字本义:名词,用来穿门栓的“匚”形双头钉隶化后楷书将篆文字形中的写成,将篆文字形中的写成。当“”的“铆钉”本义消失后,后人再加“”另造“”代替。单头钉为“”,双头钉为“”。因此古人说“丁是丁,卯是卯”,虽是一家,但有区别。

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附   文言版《説文解字》:卯,冒也。二月,萬物冒地而出。象開門之形。故二月爲天門。凡卯之屬皆从卯,古文卯。  

附   白话版《说文解字》卯,阳气从地下冒出。地支中“卯”代表农历二月,这时万物冒出地面长出新芽。“卯”的字形,像开门的形状。所以二月又叫“天

                                         门”。所有与卯相关的字,都采用“卯”作边旁。,这是古文写法的“卯”字

引申线索

词汇分类

①本义,名词:穿门栓的“匚”形双头钉。     卯钉    卯儿 卯子        卯孔 卯眼       /        丁是丁,卯是卯
              枕梁、交、囗山、省翼、挑坊、挂角、四两千斤,谓之尺经。—— 明 方以智《物理小识 •  器用类》
              卯,盖即眼。——清 翟灏《通俗编 •  居处》
②动词:钩住,连住(口语)。      卯住
③序数词:地支第四位,与天干配合纪时。     卯时      /       丁卯 己卯 辛卯 ……        子卯年        寅吃卯粮
              十月之交,朔月辛。——《诗 •  小雅 •  十月之交》
              饮一盅眼一觉,世间何事不悠悠?—— 唐 白居易《卯饮》   

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